Freud, Sigmund

(1856-1939)
   A Viennese psychologist, Freud was the father of psychoanalysis. While it is not correct to say that Freud discovered the unconscious, he did develop the notion that aspects of the unconscious can be repressed leading to mental illness, to overcome which pathology he developed the method of psychoanalysis. Freud added an element of scandal to his thought with the claim that much mental illness originates in the repression of taboo sexual desires that originate in infancy. Critics argue that Freud's goal of developing a science of the mind was a failure and that psychoanalysis has been only marginally successful as a therapy for mental illness. Freud was a life-long critic of theism (describing himself as a 'godless Jew'), believing that science and religion are inimical. He extended his theories to religion by claiming that theism arises from a projection of divine meaning onto a hostile universe (wish fulfilment), an idea he developed in The Future of an Illusion (1927). His final book, Moses and Monotheism (1939), argues rather fancifully that Moses was Egyptian and the religion of the Jews an Egyptian import; Freud then constructs an imaginative explanation for the origins of the conception of Christ as a crucified redeemer. Freud's projective interpretation of religion, while asserted rather than argued, has been enormously influential in shaping attitudes toward religion in twentieth-century Western culture.
   See atheism; Feuerbach, Ludwig
   Further reading: Freud 1928; Freud 1953-74; Lear 2005; Nicholi 2003

Christian Philosophy . . 2015.

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  • Freud,Sigmund — Freud, Sigmund. 1856 1939. Austrian physician and founder of psychoanalysis who theorized that the symptoms of hysterical patients represent forgotten and unresolved infantile psychosexual conflicts. His psychoanalytic theories, which initially… …   Universalium

  • Freud, Sigmund — (1856–1939)    Now known as the founder of psychoanalysis, Freud enrolled in the University of Vienna in 1873 as a medical student; he later entered the General Hospital of Vienna in 1882 to qualify for private practice. He soon joined the staff… …   The Encyclopedia of Stanley Kubrick

  • Freud, Sigmund — born May 6, 1856, Freiberg, Moravia, Austrian Empire died Sept. 23, 1939, London, Eng. Austrian neuropsychologist, founder of psychoanalysis, and one of the major intellectual figures of the 20th century. Trained in Vienna as a neurologist, Freud …   Universalium

  • Freud, Sigmund — (1856–1939)    Psychologist.    Freud was born of Jewish parents in Freiberg, Moravia. He was educated at the University of Vienna where he studied medicine. He invented psychoanalysis, as a method of dealing with hysterical and psychological… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Freud, Sigmund —    (1856–1939)    The originator of psychoanalysis, Sigismund Schlomo Freud was born in Freiberg, Moravia, the son of a merchant. Four years later, the family settled in Vienna, and Freud began medical studies in Vienna in 1873, finishing in 1881 …   Historical dictionary of Psychiatry

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  • Freud , Sigmund — (1856–1939) Austrian psychoanalyst The son of a wool merchant from Freiberg (now Pr̆íbor in the Czech Republic), Freud graduated from the University of Vienna with an MD in 1881 having also spent much time in the study of physiology. He worked at …   Scientists

  • Freud, Sigmund — (1856–1939)    The son of a wool merchant who had migrated from Galicia to Habsburg Bohemia to Leipzig to Vienna, Freud showed great intellectual promise even as a young boy. For the last six years of his secondary education at the Sperlgymnasium …   Historical dictionary of Austria

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